Cloacitis aka Vent Gleet is the inflammation of the cloaca caused by bacterial, viral, mycotic or parasitic infections. It can affect the gastrointestinal, reproductive and/or renal/urologic systems.
Symptoms may include
- Decreased appetite
- Changes in posture
- Tenesmus (difficulty passing feces)
- Hematochezia (fresh blood in feces)
- Malodorous feces
- Decreased fecal production
- Picking/excess grooming around the vent
- Accumulation of urates (white chalky matter) on feathers below the vent
- E coli
- Clostridium spp
- Mycotic (fungal)
- Candida albicans
- Trichosporon begielli
- Aspergillus spp
- Giardia spp
- Foreign body granuloma
- Other cloacal diseases
- Obstructive disease of the cloaca
- Cloacal prolapse
If it’s a simple fungal cause, you can do the following home treatment and if there is no improvement in 3-4 days, you will need to seek a vet to run tests and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
- The vent area will need to be cleaned, you can use an oral syringe with saline solution to gently squirt into her vent and massage
- Then use dilute iodine/betadine/chlorhexidine to clean her bum.
- Apply monistat cream AND an antibiotic ointment such as Bacitracin inside and outside the vent.
- Do steps 2 and 3 daily for 3-4 days. You can also add Apple Cider Vinegar to her water.
- Separate affected chickens as it can be passed from one to the other depending on the cause
Mycobacterium and Mycotic don’t have a specific treatment (testing would need to be done to determine the exact bacteria or toxin).
E.coli can be treated with trimethoprim/sulfadiazine, clavamox or piperacillin.
Clostridium can be treated with penicillin, clavamox or azithromycin.
PsHV1 and Aspergillus are not likely the causes in adult chickens
Candida albicans can be treated with Nystatin.
I couldn’t find any treatment info on Trichosporon begielli.
- Proper husbandry
- Routine fecal floats
Blackwell’s Five Minute Veterinary Consult – Avian
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